[collection name]: The Qing Dynasty's pastel life
Pastel is one of the varieties of colored porcelain in the Qing Dynasty. It was founded in the Kangxi period and prevailed in the Yongzheng and Qianlong dynasties. It is characterized by softness and delicacy and is different from the strong color of multicolor, also known as "soft color". Due to the mixing of lead powder in the color material, the color is diluted by the method of water division when drawing, which has a fine and elegant artistic style. It is good at expressing the texture of the image, describing the flower buds and feathers very carefully, and making the pattern have the effect of yin and Yang facing back. In Yongzheng period, pastel ware has become the mainstream product of colored porcelain, with various shapes, rich decorative patterns and exquisite painting. Decorative patterns are common in landscapes, figures, flowers, insects and butterflies. Shi cairouli, elegant and simple composition, delicate decoration and meticulous painting style are deeply influenced by Yun Nantian's boneless technique, reaching the level of "flowers have dew, butterflies have hair". Xu Zhiheng's "drinking Liuzhai and talking about porcelain" records that: "Yongzheng flowers belong to Yun school. They have no bone to imitate XuXi. The grass and insects are very lively and have spirit. They want to fly by mistake...". In Tao Ya by Chen Liu, there is an evaluation that the big and small plates and bowls in the official kiln of Yongzheng are lighter and stronger than the frost and snow. There are several colorful flowers painted on them, each of which lingers horizontally and obliquely. The strokes are not rigid.
Qing Dynasty pastel porcelain is one of the traditional porcelain varieties in Qing Dynasty. Created in the late Kangxi period, it is a kind of glaze color, named after the "glass white" powder contained in the color material. Its baking temperature is lower than that of multicolor, and its color is soft and elegant, also known as soft color. There are many auspicious patterns in the porcelain decoration of Qing Dynasty, which have the distinctive characteristics of the times: "the picture must be intended, and the meaning must be auspicious". This kind of pastel Fu Lu Shou is very rare. It's elegant in shape, appropriate in glaze color, dense in composition, auspicious in decoration and well preserved. It's the best work of pastel porcelain.
In the world of porcelain, pastel is the only porcelain that can shake the dominance of blue and white. Because of its rich color, elegant and soft tone, and exquisite workmanship, pastel immediately became the new favorite of the Qing Dynasty Royal family. And until now, pastels are still popular. In recent years, the price of pastel porcelain has soared year after year since 2000, and it has occupied the top of the pyramid in Qing porcelain.
Fortune and longevity are three immortals of Chinese folk belief, which symbolize happiness, auspiciousness and longevity. In Taoism, it is spread as three auspicious gods in the sky. Fu, wearing an official hat and holding a jade Ruyi or holding a child as the first-class emperor of Tianguan, Tianguan blessings come from this; Lu, holding Ruyi means high official and high salary (because of the distorted image of the Chinese folk, so now the God of Lu has become holding a child); longevity, white moustache, holding a leading stick and holding a peach means long life. After the Ming Dynasty, the Chinese people often combined the longevity star with the two stars of Fu and Lu to sacrifice, which are collectively called Fu, Lu and Shou, becoming the three most popular gods of blessing. As a symbol of good luck and good luck in the Chinese people, the longevity couplets on both sides of the nave of Fu, Lu and Shou are often hung on the front wall of the main house as "Fu Rudong sea, shoubinan mountain".
Qianlong period (1736-1795) was the heyday of porcelain making in Qing Dynasty. Since Qianlong period, pastel has almost completely replaced multicolored in the field of colored porcelain. It integrated the porcelain making techniques of Kangxi and Yongzheng dynasties, further developed the porcelain of this dynasty, and created many new pastel porcelain. This Qing Dynasty pastel Fu Lu Shou is one of the typical masterpieces. First of all, it is impeccable in terms of color use and color application technology, all aspects of technology tend to be perfect, the details are well controlled, and the flower pattern painting is basically determined to be in the hands of the court painters, which is an invaluable boutique.
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